mount ntfs fedora

por | 20 Octubre, 2005

mount ntfs fedora

Instructions
Key

In the following instructions, the following notation is used:

NB – Note carefully
Commands or output
Which RPM

mportant to install exactly the same version of NTFS kernel module as the kernel you have installed. Below are some simple instructions to help you find the file you need.

A quick way to find the version is to use the whichrpm script. Save the file and run it. Then go to the install section.

chmod 700 whichrpm
./whichrpm

The script, above, just automates what we will do next. First we need to decide which release you have. Run this command:

cat /etc/redhat-release

and you will probably see one of the following responses:

Fedora Core release 1 (Yarrow)
Fedora Core release 2 (Tettnang)
Fedora Core release 3 (Heidelberg)
Fedora Core release 4 (Stentz)
Red Hat Linux release 9 (Shrike)
Red Hat Linux release 8.0 (Psyche)

Next find out your kernel version:

uname -r

You should see a response something like one of these:

2.4.18-3
2.4.18-17.7.x
2.4.22-1.2115.nptl
2.6.8-1.521

The version might also have one of the following suffixes:

smp
bigmem
hugemem
BOOT

NB If the result ends with smp then you have a multi-processor computer (you probably already knew that).

Next find out what sort of processor you have. This command will ask which kernel rpm was installed for you.

NB If your version number had a suffix, then use it here, e.g. replace kernel with kernel-smp, or kernel-bigmem.

rpm -q –queryformat "%{ARCH}\n" kernel

Most people will have an i686 processor (a recent Pentium computer). Other options are athlon, i586 or i386.

Next download the RPM. Follow the links for

* Fedora 4 (Stentz)
* Fedora 3 (Heidelberg)
* Fedora 2 (Tettnang)
* Fedora 1 (Yarrow)
* RedHat Enterprise 4 (Nahant)
* RedHat Enterprise 3 (Taroon)
* RedHat 9 (Shrike)
* RedHat 8.0 (Psyche)
* RedHat 7.3 (Valhalla)

When you have downloaded the RPM, we will continue with the installation instructions.
Install

You must be root for the rest of the commands. The examples will continue as if you downloaded kernel-ntfs-2.4.18-14.i686.rpm.

NB Newer NTFS RPMs have names like kernel-module-ntfs-2.6.8-1.541-2.1.17-0.fc.1.2.i586.rpm

Next install the rpm:

rpm -ihv kernel-ntfs-2.4.18-14.i686.rpm

Preparing… ####### [100%]
1:kernel-ntfs ####### [100%]

There should be no errors, just #’s. Note: newer NTFS RPMs will also print a message telling you if install succeeded. If something goes wrong see the Help Section.

This is the only command we actually needed, but we’ll go on and test what we have done.

Next load the kernel module

/sbin/modprobe ntfs

There should be no output. If there are a lot of error messages see the Help Section.

The next command, dmesg prints the kernel logs. We search them for NTFS using grep.

dmesg | grep NTFS

NTFS driver v1.1.22 [Flags: R/O MODULE]

We can now check that the kernel really understands NTFS. The output may vary slightly, but you are looking for the entry ntfs.

cat /proc/filesystems

nodev rootfs
nodev bdev
nodev proc
nodev sockfs
nodev tmpfs
nodev shm
nodev pipefs
ext3
ext2
nodev ramfs
nodev devpts
ntfs

Mount

Mounting an NTFS Volume is covered in more detail in Section 4 of the FAQ.

First you need to know which device your NTFS Volume is on and you need to create a directory as a mount point.

/sbin/fdisk -l

The output might look like:

Disk /dev/hda: 64 heads, 63 sectors, 4465 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 4032 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 1 2125 4283968+ 07 NTFS/HPFS
/dev/hda2 2126 19851 35735616 0f Win95 Ext’d (LBA)
/dev/hda5 * 2126 4209 4201312+ 83 Linux
/dev/hda6 4210 4465 516064+ 82 Linux swap

mkdir /mnt/windows
mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/windows -t ntfs -r -o umask=0222
ls -l /mnt/windows


-r-xr–r– 1 root root 9719 Aug 24 1996 ansi.sys
-r-xr–r– 1 root root 15252 Aug 24 1996 attrib.exe
-r-xr–r– 1 root root 28096 Aug 24 1996 chkdsk.exe
-r-xr–r– 1 root root 5175 Aug 24 1996 choice.com

Hopefully everything is working for you now.

NB Now, please read the NTFS FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions), especially if you want to know:

* How to change the owner or permissions of the mounted partition
* How to have Linux mount the partition automatically at boot time

Uninstall

If you wish to remove the NTFS RPM, first list all the RPMs with ntfs in their name. You output might look something like this:

rpm -qa | grep -i ntfs

kernel-module-ntfs-2.6.9-1.667smp-2.1.20-0.fc.1.2

Then, cut and paste the name into the rpm erase command:

rpm -e kernel-module-ntfs-2.6.9-1.667smp-2.1.20-0.fc.1.2